Search

How do commercial HVAC systems cool large buildings?


Commercial HVAC systems are complex and require the ability to cool large buildings.  This is especially important throughout the hotter part of the year. Keep the following information in mind, so you know more about how these systems function.


Commercial HVAC System Features


There are several different types of systems for commercial applications. These systems operate at a much larger capacity than a residential air conditioner. They have different components and features that allow them to cool large spaces. Knowing what these are can help you understand how your system works and what might go wrong with it.


Commercial Package Air Conditioning


This type of unit generally does a single space, sometimes multiple units on one space. The system operates much like a residential system with a few kickers. These systems are designed to pass air from an area and mix it with a percentage of fresh outside air. It will then pass that air over a copper and aluminum coil. This coil then absorbs the heat and the moisture from the air, creating cold, fresh air before it is reintroduced to the space.


Features used in this type of system:


  • Air-cooled condenser (Needs to be kept clean and clear. Rinse regularly.)

  • Sealed refrigeration systemIndoor coil or evaporator coil (Filtration is an absolute must.)

  • Electric motors to move outside and inside air across the coils (This allows the process to work.)

  • Manual outside air dampers or fixed percentage dampers

  • Economizer outside air dampers (These adjust based on demand and temperature.)

Commercial HVAC Chilled Water Systems


This type of system is used in large industrial complexes, office buildings, and apartments. The system uses refrigeration tubing inside a chiller barrel to subcool water. It then uses pumps to circulate this water throughout the building. Next, it connects to individual water coil air handlers. This is where the magic happens. Using a coil similar to the one used in air conditioning, water passes through the coil as air passes over the coil. The chilled water absorbs the heat and humidity from the air creating cold air. These systems are very efficient in large complexes.


Features used in this type of system:


  • The cooling tower operates like a condenser using water and air

  • Chiller to super cool the water

  • Mixing valves to control the type of flow

  • Temperature controlled shut off valves to move the cold water where it is needed the most

  • Evaporator coils to pass the air across for the cooling process (Filtration is a must.)

  • Water treatment equipment to control scale build up

Commercial Water Source Heat Pumps


This is the third type of commercial cooling system that marries the two previous versions together sharing both systems’ technology. The system puts an actual mini package unit in your space for cooling. Then it uses a central cooling tower to cool water to 80 degrees.

Next, it pumps that water to each unit’s condenser. Finally, it uses the water instead of air to pass the hot refrigerant through to more efficiently convert refrigerant for the cooling process. These units are extremely efficient because the condenser temperature is constant.

This is unlike the two previous systems whose condensers operate more or less efficient based on the outside air temperature.


Features used:


  • Air-cooled condenser (Needs to be kept clean and clear. Rinse regularly.)

  • Sealed refrigeration systemIndoor coil or evaporator coil (Filtration is an absolute must.)

  • Electric motors to move outside air and inside air across the coils for the process to work

  • The cooling tower operates like a condenser using water and air

  • Temperature controlled shut off valves to move the cold water where it is needed the most

  • Water treatment equipment to control scale build up

Cooling Process for Commercial HVAC Systems


The systems use the following steps for cooling commercial buildings:


  • The HVAC system’s compressor raises the temperature and pressure in the refrigerant.

  • A condenser takes heated air from outdoors and sends it over the refrigerant, which causes it to liquefy.

  • The refrigerant becomes cooler as the pressure inside it decreases.

  • An evaporator in the HVAC system sends heat to the refrigerant, which causes the liquid to change to a gas.

Commercial vs. Residential Cooling


Commercial and residential HVAC systems both heat, cool, and ventilate buildings.  However, they are unique in their installation and operation.  Commercial systems have more complex setups and require a significant amount of power compared to residential systems. Also, they usually have multiple thermostats in different zoned areas. This helps control the cooling in different areas of the building. It also controls how much cooling takes place.


Factors that Affect Performance


These HVAC systems need to stay in good condition in order to properly cool large buildings. Equipment can wear out over time. These systems work harder to cool bigger areas compared to residential buildings. In addition, other problems can develop that affect your system’s performance. This can result in the need for major repairs or inefficient cooling that increases your energy bills.


The most effective way to ensure optimal HVAC performance is by having regular maintenance done. Our HVAC technicians can inspect your commercial HVAC system once a year or more often as needed. During these visits, they can check for any problems that need repairs. With routine maintenance, you can depend on your system working properly.


At Forrest Anderson, we have experience working with commercial systems and residential systems of any complexity. If you need maintenance, repair, or installation, contact us today.


Contact Forrest Anderson Today!

12 views
CALL US

Tel: 623.780.4060 | Fax: 623.780.4525

Request A Quote

How can we help?  Click Here

OPEN HOURS

Available 24/7

  • Facebook Social Icon
  • Instagram Social Icon
  • yelp-icon-png
  • LinkedIn Social Icon
  • bbb
  • angies-list-1-250x272
OVER 55 YEARS
OF SERVICE

We have learned if you take care of your customers they will take care of you. Welcome to the Forrest Anderson Family!

Read Our Story

OUR
SERVICES
VISIT
US

17225 N 63rd Ave

Glendale, AZ 85308

or Call 623-780-4060

PROVEN HISTORY OF EXCELLENCE

© 2020 Forrest Anderson Plumbing and Air Conditioning, Inc.  All Rights Reserved

Site proudly built by - Razor Thin Media